Reinforcement of macroscopic carbon nanotube structures by polymer intercalation: The role of polymer molecular weight and chain conformation
Citation:Frizzell CJ, in het Panhuis M, Coutinho DH, Balkus KJ, Minett AI, Blau WJ, Coleman JN, Reinforcement of macroscopic carbon nanotube structures by polymer intercalation: The role of polymer molecular weight and chain conformation, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 72, 24, 2005, 245420-
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Novel polymer nanotube composites were fabricated by intercalating poly vinylpyrrolidone into Buckypaper from solution. This was carried out for both low 10k g/mol and very high 1.3M g/mol molecular weight polymers. Measurements of the polymer mass uptake as a function of time allowed the calculation of diffusion coefficients as 1.66 10?9 cm2 / s and 3.08 10?12 cm2 / s for the low and high molecular weight strands, respectively. Taking into account the molecular weights, comparison of these coefficients suggests that each polymer type undergoes a different mode of diffusion: normal diffusion for the 10k g/mol polymer, but reptation for the 1.3M g/mol polymer. This means that while the low weight polymer retains its randomly coiled conformation during diffusion and adsorption, the 1.3M g/mol molecule is forced to adopt an extended, high entropy state. These differences are reflected in the mechanical properties of the intercalated papers. While reinforcement was observed in all cases, modulus increase 3.5 and strength increase 6 enhancement occurred at lower polymer content for the longer chain polymer. However, the papers intercalated with the shorter chain molecules were much tougher increase 25 . This is consistent with the conformation scheme described above.
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Availability:Full text available