Medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners for the treatment of HIV/AIDS and related conditions in Uganda
Citation:Mohammed Lamorde, John R.S. Tabuti, Celestino Obua, Collins Kukunda-Byobona, Hindam Lanyero, Pauline Byakika-Kibwika, Godfrey S. Bbosa, Aloysius Lubega, Jasper Ogwal-Okeng, Mairin Ryan, Paul J. Waako and Concepta Merry, Medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners for the treatment of HIV/AIDS and related conditions in Uganda, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2010
Medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners for the treatment of HIV AIDS and related conditions in Uganda.pdf (Accepted for publication (author's copy) - Peer Reviewed) 592.7Kb
Introduction and objectives: In Uganda, there are over 1 million people with HIV/AIDS. When advanced, this disease is characterized by life-threatening opportunistic infections. As the formal health sector struggles to confront this epidemic, new medicines from traditional sources are needed to complement control efforts. This study was conducted to document herbal medicines used in the treatment of HIV/AIDS and related opportunistic infections, and to document the existing knowledge, attitudes and practices related to HIV/AIDS recognition, control and treatment in Sembabule, Kamuli, Kabale and Gulu districts in Uganda. Methods: In this study, 25 traditional medicine practitioners (TMPs) were interviewed using structured questionnaires. Results The TMPs could recognize important signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS and its associated opportunistic infections. The majority of practitioners treated patients who were already receiving allopathic medicines including antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) prescribed by allopathic practitioners. There were 103 species of medicinal plants identified in this survey. Priority plants identified include Aloe spp., Erythrina abyssinica, Sarcocephalus latifolius, Psorospermum febrifugum, Mangifera indica and Warburgia salutaris. There was low consensus among TMPs on the plants used. Decoctions of multiple plant species were commonly used except in Gulu where monopreparations were common. Plant parts frequently used were leaves (33%) stem bark (23%) and root bark (18%). About 80% of preparations were administered orally in variable doses over varied time periods. The TMP had insufficient knowledge about packaging and preservation techniques. Conclusions: Numerous medicinal plants for treatment of HIV/AIDS patients were identified in the four districts surveyed and the role of these plants in the management of opportunistic infections warrants further investigation as these plants may have a role in Uganda's public health approach to HIV/AIDS control.
Health Research Board
Series/Report no:Journal of Ethnopharmacology;
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