Schlafen-1 causes a cell cycle arrest by inhibiting induction of cyclin D1
Citation:Brady G, Boggan L, Bowie A and O'Neill LA, Schlafen-1 causes a cell cycle arrest by inhibiting induction of cyclin D1, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280, 35, 2005, 30723, 30734
Schlafen-1 causes a cell cycle arrest by inhibiting induction of cyclin D1.pdf (published (publisher copy) peer-reviewed) 764.5Kb
Schlafen-1 (Slfn-1), the prototypic member of the Schlafen family of proteins, was described as an inducer of growth arrest in T-lymphocytes and causes a cell cycle arrest in NIH3T3 fibroblasts prior to the G1/S transition. How Slfn-1 exerts its effects on the cell cycle is not currently known. We report that synchronized murine fibroblasts expressing Slfn-1 do not exit G1 when stimulated with fetal calf serum, platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) or epidermal growth factor (EGF). The induction of cyclin D1 by these stimuli was blocked in the presence of Slfn-1 as were all downstream cell cycle processes. Overexpression of cyclin D1 in growth-arrested, Slfn-1-expressing cells induced an increase in cell growth consistent with this protein being the biological target of Slfn-1. Activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway by EGF or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate was unaffected by Slfn-1 expression. PDGF signaling was, however, almost completely blocked. This was due to a lack of PDGF receptor expression in Slfn-1-expressing cells consistent with Slfn-1 blocking the cell cycle in G1 where PDGF receptor expression is normally down-regulated. Finally, overexpression of Slfn-1 inhibited the activation of the cyclin D1 promoter. Slfn-1 therefore causes a cell cycle arrest during G1 by inhibiting induction of cyclin D1 by mitogens.
Type of material:Journal Article
Series/Report no:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Availability:Full text available
Subject (TCD):Immunology, Inflammation & Infection