Anti-malarial effects of macrolactones related to FK520 (ascomycin) are independent of the immunosuppressive properties of the compounds
Item Type:Journal Article
Citation:Monaghan, P. and Fardis, M. and Revill, W.P. and Bell, A. 'Anti-malarial effects of macrolactones related to FK520 (ascomycin) are independent of the immunosuppressive properties of the compounds' in Journal of Infectious Diseases, 191, (8), 2005, pp.1342 - 1349.
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The polyketide macrolactone FK506 inhibits the growth of Plasmodium falciparum in culture and the enzymatic (peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase [PPIase]) and chaperone activities of a recently identified P. falciparum FK506-binding protein (PfFKBP35). However, the potent immunosuppressive properties of FK506 exclude it from consideration as an antimalarial drug. We describe the antimalarial actions of the related compound FK520 and a number of its nonimmunosuppressive analogues. All compounds were shown to be strong inhibitors of parasite growth, regardless of their immunosuppressive potency. Although some of the compounds inhibited the PPIase activity of recombinant PfFKBP35, they all inhibited the chaperone activity of this bifunctional protein. These findings suggest that the antimalarial effects of this class of drug may be mediated via inhibition of the chaperone activity rather than via the enzymatic activity of PfFKBP35. Elucidating the precise intracellular functions of PfFKBP35 may facilitate the design of more potent inhibitors that retain their specificity for parasite target protein.
Health Research Board
Author: BELL, ANGUS
Publisher:University of Chicago Press
Type of material:Journal Article
Availability:Full text available