Browsing Pure & Applied Mathematics (Theses and Dissertations) by Title
Now showing items 2948 of 63

Form Factors, Integrability and the AdS/CFT Correspondence
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2018)Form factors are matrix elements of local operators between scattering states, and are interesting offshell objects in any QFT. In this thesis we will focus on the worldsheet theory describing strings in AdS5xS5, the ... 
Free Field Representation and Form Factors of the Chiral GrossNeveu Model
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2013)The process of using the free field representation to construct form factors of two dimensional integrable models is very promising. In this thesis, this procedure is analysed and adapted for application to the chiral ... 
Higher Spin Theories in Twistor Space
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2018)In this thesis we formulate an action principle for conformal higher spin theory on twistor space. For this theory, and for a unitary subsector that we identify, we construct an MHV amplitude expansion by considering ... 
Homotopical and effective methods for associative algebras
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2021)This thesis contains four main chapters based on four different papers. In the third chapter, we solve the problem of computing the minimal model of an arbitrary associative monomial algebra. Our methods are combinatorial ... 
Integrable lattice models for strongly correlated electrons
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2013)This thesis is dedicated to the study of a new family of integrable lattice models for strongly correlated electrons, namely the Hubbard Shastry models. The techniques of exactly solvable models, and in particular those ... 
Integrable systems, separation of variables and the YangBaxter equation
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2021)This thesis is based on the author’s publications during the course of his PhD studies and focuses on various aspects of the field of quantum integrable systems. The aim of this thesis is to develop the socalled separation ... 
Interferometry and nonequilibrium noise in the fractional quantum Hall effect
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2014)We study theoretical aspects of fractional quantum Hall devices based on tunnelling point contacts. The fractional quantum Hall effect is the prime example of a (2 + 1) dimensional system with nontrivial topological order. ... 
Large scale parallel network simulation
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2004)Simulation is one of the primary tools used in studying computer networks. However the difficulties of simulating a network grow with its size. With the hardware resources currently available it is not feasible to simulate ... 
Logarithmic asymptotics in Queueing Theory and Risk Theory
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2000)This thesis addresses four distinct, but related, problems. All four involve large deviation theory. The first problem is to relate the logarithmic asymptotics of the single server queue length distribution to the long ... 
Methods for calculating option prices with earlyexercise features
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2006)In this dissertation we deal with two distinct methods for pricing financial options with earlyexercise features. First we use finite difference methods to calculate the prices, examining in particular two new schemes ... 
Methods of ascent and descent in multivariable spectral theory
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2009)In this dissertation the theory of ascent and descent for a linear operator acting on a vector space is extended to arbitrary sets of operators and applied to the study of joint spectra for finite commuting systems of bounded ... 
Modern aspects of topological gauge theories  Polynomial invariants and mock modular forms
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2019)In this dissertation we present new results in the field of topologically twisted gauge theories evaluated on compact fourmanifolds without boundary. We focus on the DonaldsonWitten theory, that is the N = 2 topologically ... 
Modularity in Supersymmetric Gauge Theory
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2022)In this thesis, we study the modularity and duality of Coulomb branches for a class of fourdimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories. For pure N=2 super YangMills theory with gauge group SU(2), the Coulomb branch can ... 
Multidimensional second order generalised stochastic processes on locally compact Abelian groups
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2004)This thesis is concerned with the harmonic analysis of multidimensional generalised stochastic processes on locally compact Abelian groups. A multidimensional generalised stochastic process is a continuous linear operator ... 
Nonplanar anomalous dimensions in super YangMills theories
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2022)Conformal supersymmetric YangMills theories play an important role in the gaugegravity correspondence and, despite being highly nonphysical, have been a driving force for many new approaches in more realistic theories ... 
Novel methods for heavyquark physics from lattice QCD
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2006)The application of 3+1 anisotropic lattices to numerical simulations of hadrons containing heavy quarks is investigated. It is expected that using a fine temporal lattice spacing will suppress large massdependent errors ... 
On the Symanzik improvement of gradient flow observables
(Trinity College Dublin. School of Mathematics. Discipline of Pure & Applied Mathematics, 2019)The gradient flow provides a new class of renormalised observables which can be measured with high precision in lattice simulations. This is relevant for many interesting applications. However, such applications are made ... 
Peturbative study of the Chirally Rotated Schrödinger Functionality in Lattice QCD
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2014)In this thesis we study the renormalisation and O(a) improvement of the Chirally Rotated Schrödinger Functional (xSF) in perturbation theory. The xSF was originally proposed in [1] as a way of rehabiliting the mechanism ... 
Pionpion scattering amplitudes and timelike pion form factor from Nf=2+1 Lattice QCD
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2017)We study isovector pionpion scattering and extract the electromagnetic pion form factor in the timelike region from Nf = 2 + 1 Lattice QCD ensembles at a single lattice spacing and two pion masses mπ = 200MeV and mπ = ... 
Quality improvement using Alexander moves
(Trinity College (Dublin, Ireland). School of Mathematics, 2003)The objects under consideration in this work are simplicial meshes. We are interested in the geometric shape of the constituent simplices. This interest is justified by the impact of simplicial shape on the error bounds ...