Real-Time Coordination of Autonomous Vehicles
Citation:Melanie Bouroche, Barbara Hughes and Vinny Cahill, Real-Time Coordination of Autonomous Vehicles, Proceedings of the IEEE ITSC 2006, IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference, Toronto, Canada,, Sept 17-20, IEEE, 2006, 1232 - 1239
01707391.pdf (publisher's pdf) 480.2Kb
Autonomous vehicles seem to be a promising approach to both reducing traffic congestion and improving road safety. However, for such vehicles to coexist safely, they will need to coordinate their behaviour to ensure that they do not collide with each other. This coordination will typically be based on (wireless) communication between vehicles and will need to satisfy stringent real-time constraints. However, realtime message delivery cannot be guaranteed in dynamic wireless networks which means that existing coordination models that rely on continuous connectivity cannot be employed. In this paper, we present a novel coordination model for autonomous vehicles that does not require continuous real-time connectivity between participants in order to ensure that system safety constraints are not violated. This coordination model builds on a real-time communication model for wireless networks that provides feedback to entities about the state of communication. The coordination model uses this feedback to ensure that vehicles always satisfy safety constraints, by adapting their behaviour when communication is degraded. We show that this model can be used to coordinate vehicles crossing an unsignalised junction.
Other Titles:Proceedings of the IEEE ITSC 2006
IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference
Type of material:Conference Paper
Availability:Full text available