Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering Taught Masters, Erasmus Mundus (Theses & Dissertations)http://hdl.handle.net/2262/98982014-12-19T21:02:01Z2014-12-19T21:02:01ZStudy of Parallel implementation of Computational codesTyagi, Shekharhttp://hdl.handle.net/2262/239602010-06-03T15:55:44Z2008-11-05T10:31:22ZStudy of Parallel implementation of Computational codes
Tyagi, Shekhar
The use of computers to solve scientific problems is abundant and almost a need of the day. As the complexity of the problems increased, the need to get fast and accurate results has also taken an altogether different meaning. The area where one needs to use all the resources at disposal to compute the results efficiently and quickly is known as HPC (High Performance Computing). Evolution of computers has given the idea of using the entire RAM at disposal while computing the results; hence, parallelization becomes highly desirable.
The goal of this project is to parallelize distributed memory systems using WINDOWS platform, analyzing some small(computationally) parallelized problems and if possible then trying to implement them for the software ABAQUS(FEM tool). Moreover the parallel program developed can be used for numerical solution to Helmholtz equation.
The basic equation governing acoustics is the Helmholtz equation; analytical complications have driven researchers to develop Numerical methods to solve this equation. Numerical methods in turn have posed computational difficulties even with the use of modern day computers, parallelization of solution of Helmholtz equation is the result of these problems. The standard algorithms are available for the Numerical methods and they only need to be programmed on a platform which can support parallel programming. By the implementation of suitable parallel techniques a considerable amount of efficiency with respect to time in obtaining the solutions can be achieved.
2008-11-05T10:31:22ZThe Engineering Investigation of the Water Flow past the Butterfly ValveChaiworapuek, Weerachaihttp://hdl.handle.net/2262/110192010-06-03T15:55:45Z2007-01-01T00:00:00ZThe Engineering Investigation of the Water Flow past the Butterfly Valve
Chaiworapuek, Weerachai
This paper presents a numerical simulation of flow past the butterfly valve in static and dynamic analysis using commercial fluid dynamics software FLUENT. In static analysis, the positions of the disk were set to be 0 ( completely opened ), 30, 45, 60 and 75 degrees under 1, 2 and 3 m/s water speed. The values of angular velocity were set to be 0.039 and 1.57 rad/s under 1 m/s water speed in dynamic analysis. The study focuses on the investigation of the characteristic of loss coefficient and torque behavior of the 150 mm and 300 mm butterfly valve. From the results obtained, it was found that the loss coefficient and torque values increased when the disk angle was increased. By increasing the water speed, the loss coefficient remained constant while torque value increased. In dynamic analysis of both angular speeds, the maximum torque occurred around 70-80 in closing turn and 100-110 in opening turn. The experiment was also carried out to verify the numerical results. By comparing between the experimental and numerical method, it was found that the loss coefficient and torque value could be determined responsibly. The acceptable comparisons were seen.
2007-01-01T00:00:00ZAnalysis of the Potential of DynaFlexPro as a Modeling Software by its Application in the Roll Stability of Heavy-Duty Elliptical Tankers using Trammel Pendulum to Simulate Fluid SloshingGoru, Venu Gopalhttp://hdl.handle.net/2262/110182010-06-03T15:55:46Z2007-01-01T00:00:00ZAnalysis of the Potential of DynaFlexPro as a Modeling Software by its Application in the Roll Stability of Heavy-Duty Elliptical Tankers using Trammel Pendulum to Simulate Fluid Sloshing
Goru, Venu Gopal
One of the most common ways for commercial vehicles to loose their stability is by rollover. Partially filled heavy-duty tankers manoeuvring constant radius turns or lane change maneuvers have lower rollover threshold than other vehicles because of the high center of gravity and dynamic sloshing of the liquid payload. A number of analytical and numerical methods have been used till date to study the motion of fluid in a container and its effect on the container. One of the simplest and most effective ways is by modeling the fluid as a pendulum. Depending on the shape and size of the container, different types of pendulums have been proposed. In this case as the study was based on elliptical cisterns, a trammel pendulum was chosen and the fundamental basis of selecting the appropriate pendulum parameters has been obtained by studies performed by Salem [12].
One of the main aspects of this project is the utilization of completely new multibody computer-aided engineering (MCAE) software packages called DynaFlexPro (DFP) and DynaFlexPro/Tire released in 2005 by MotionPro, Inc and marketed by MapleSoft Inc. These new commercial packages of Maple were chosen to model the Trammel pendulum and the Tractor and articulated Tanker vehicle.
Firstly a model of a trammel pendulum was created and it?s kinematic and dynamic effects were studied. The fundamental basis of selecting the appropriate pendulum parameters have been obtained by matching the pendulum dynamic effects with fluid sloshing dynamic effects obtained by using Finite Element (FE) fluid models in the work of Salem. Once a working model was achieved, a 2-D Tanker model was made and the Trammel pendulum model was integrated to study the effect of sloshing on the roll stability of heavy duty tankers. The rollover threshold of 2-D models ranged from 0.9g to 0.25g because of which more realistic 3-D models of Tractor and Tanker were made. Due to some problems in the assembly of Tractor and Tanker, the 3-D Tanker was modified and basic tests were simulated. The 3-D Tanker model predicted critical fill levels that agree with the values reported in the literature based on much more complex and time consuming experimental and analytical methods proving the efficiency of the modeling software. In addition sloshing effects were clearly visible from the results validating the trammel pendulum as a simple and efficient way of modeling sloshing of fluids in elliptical tankers.
2007-01-01T00:00:00ZAnalysis of the rough contact in axisymmetric upsettingCui, Yuhttp://hdl.handle.net/2262/110202010-06-03T15:55:46Z2007-01-01T00:00:00ZAnalysis of the rough contact in axisymmetric upsetting
Cui, Yu
Characterization of surface roughness is important in the frictional behavior of two contact surfaces. In general, it has been found that friction increases with average roughness. The prediction of friction and stress/ strain/ deformation is of interest in the friction-sensitive process such as aximmetric upsetting. However, the classical friction laws, such as Coulomb's law and its extension - Coulomb-Amonton's law, Coulomb-Orowan are found to be coarse and oversimplified especially in the presence of surface complexities.
The first objective of this project is to examine the microscopic evolution of the upsetting process with Finite Element software, with the focus on the interaction between the tool asperity and the plastic wave. The second objective is to evaluate Coulomb?s law and Plastic wave theory based on small-scale numerical models. The third objective is to implant the friction laws and prior findings into the experiment-size Finite Element models so that comparison between simulation and expriments could be made.
This project is a contribution to the definition of a new friction test for bulk forming processes.
2007-01-01T00:00:00Z